24 January 2012

Pivo za prosperitet

Skrećem pažnju na veoma zanimljiv članak (prvi deo, drugi deo) o istoriji prohibicije i različitim načinima na koje su se pivopije dovijale da dožu do piva..

Neki su pravili svoje pivo, odatle ova pesmica:

Mother's in the kitchen, washing out the jugs; 
Sister's in the pantry, bottling the suds; 
Father's in the cellar, mixing up the hops; 
Johnny's on the porch, watching for the cops.

Postojalo je i "pivo na iglu", za one koji nisu znali sami da ga naprave:

Even when de-alcoholized according to the letter of the law, near beer was often delivered to customers with a separate package containing a portion of the raw alcohol boiled off. The drinker then squirted the alcohol back into the near beer with a syringe, thus making what was commonly called "needle beer."

Ali, izgleda da je glavni pomak ka legalizaciji bila ekonomska kriza:

As unemployment reached epidemic proportions, few could deny the obvious truth that legalizing beer would create thousands of new jobs virtually over night. At the same time, desperately-needed new government revenue would be generated in the form of beer taxes. "Beer For Prosperity" became the anti-Prohibition battle cry.

In New York City, Mayor Jimmy Walker demonstrated his support for the cause by organizing a day-long Beer Parade on May 14, 1932. An estimated 100,000 people turned out to cheer for the legalization of beer. One New Yorker in attendance, a toddler, held a sign that read, "My daddy had beer, why can't I?" Some 40,000 Detroiters held a similar event in the Motor City on the very same day. Marchers in the parade chanted "Who wants a bottle of beer?," baiting spectators to call back, "I do!"

Neki ostaci prohibicije su i danas prisutni:

Government regulation, however, did little to restrain what was perhaps Prohibition's most sinister outgrowth. The criminal groups which had made widespread disobediance possible throughout Prohibition emerged in 1933 strong, well financed and well connected. Crime was now organized, and these criminal institutions are with us still today.

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